Sennacherib Campaigning in Judah Mid-Way Through Reign of Sargon II

Dating the Sennacherib’s Campaign to Judah
Abstract.
The traditional date of 701 BCE for Sennacherib’s campaign to Judah, with the siege of Lachish and Jerusalem and the Battle of Eltekeh, is accepted by historians for many years without notable controversy. However, the inscription of Sargon II, found at Tang-i Var in 1968, requires to date this famous campaign during his 10
th
campaign, in 712 BCE, implying a coregency with Sennacherib from 714BCE. A thorough analysis of the annals and the reliefs of Sargon and Sennacherib shows that there was only one campaign in Judah and not two.The Assyrian assault involved the presence of at least six kings (or similar): 1) taking of Ashdod by the Assyrian king Sargon II in his 10
th
campaign, 2) taking of Lachish by Sennacherib during his 3
rd
campaign, 3) siege of Jerusalem dated 14
th
year of Judean King Hezekiah; 4) battle of Eltekeh led by Nubian co-regent Taharqa; 5) under the leadership of King Shabataka during his 1
st
year of reign; 6) probable disappearance of the Egyptian king Osorkon IV in his 33
rd
year of reign. This conclusion agrees exactly with the biblical account that states all these events occurred during the 14
th
year of Judean King Hezekiah dated 712 BCE (2Kings 18:13-17, 19:9; 2Chronicles 32:9; Isaiah 20:1, 36:1, 37:9).
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